A Good Site on Understanding Baluns


One of the questions I normally get from students in the RTO Course once we move into HF is all about Baluns- what are they, what do they do, why are they needed and which one is the right one for my needs? The answer, like a lot of things in radio, can get pretty technical and go over people’s heads. The concept behind a balun is that its a type of transformer. BALanced to UNbalanced line. Dipole antennas are electrically balanced, and when they are fed with coax, they need a transformer because coax is electrically unbalanced. Without that transformer, residual current will cause your feedline to radiate as well- which causes a significant amount of loss and an unreliable radiation pattern.

The other reason you need a transformer is that the impedance (resistance) value, measured in Ohms, is usually never exactly 50. Your radio needs 50 ohms- too…

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Author: Alfred E. Neuman

71 year old geek, ultra-conservative patriot.