How To Take The Perfect Shot With A Firearm

By: Luke Stranahan

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In previous articles, we discussed the steps in firing a shot, with both proper sight picture and trigger control. Good shot control will result in small, tight groups of holes on your target, but what if those groups are not centered on your bulls eye? Instead of randomly dialing in correction to your sights and then chasing subsequent shots across your target, in today’s column we’ll discuss the correct and fast way to efficiently adjust your sights to put your group of shots exactly where it should be.

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How To Take The Perfect Shot With A Firearm

 

How To Properly Fire A Gun

By:  Luke Stranahan

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Now that we know a little about gun sights and how to use them, we should discuss the rest of the steps of firing a shot and what your resulting group on paper will tell you. Combined with the first article on sight picture, and a planned article on sight adjustment, this will explain the fundamentals of shooting accurately at close distances. This, in turn, will lead to discussion of shooting positions, and, ultimately, ballistics.

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How To Properly Fire A Gun

How To Properly Aim A Firearm

by: Luke Stranahan

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Despite the left’s false platitudes that firearms are the cause of the high murder rates in some areas of the US, as if they committed the crimes themselves, a firearm will only ever hit that at which it is aimed. Successful use of a firearm, whether it be in war, sport, or practice depends upon the correct utilization of the sighting system on the weapon, and, in this article, I’ll cover the four basic types of sights, how to properly use them, and the first two steps in firing a shot.

We’ve now covered introductions to pistols, shotguns, and rifles, along with some articles on carrying concealed and safety, so we are now going to move on into actual use of firearms. Although I will continue to delve into types of weapons and even specific guns themselves in articles, further discussion of the tools loses import when there is no discussion of the art. Before we can get into ballistics and in-depth discussion of ammunition, we need to discuss shooting itself.

For full report, go to http://www.returnofkings.com/86560/how-to-properly-aim-a-firearm…………….

Setting Up a Signals Intelligence Center & Confessions Of a Broke Lab Lizard

Signal­3

Free Sample Issue #2 – June, 2016

Published by TAC Enterprises LLC, PO Box 1351, Riverton, WY 82501

email: sparks31commo@gmail.com – phone: (720) 778­1744

Copyright © 2016 TAC Enterprises LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Setting Up a Signals Intelligence Center

So far, a lot of SIGINT/COMINT articles written by the author and others have dealt with the technical aspects of SIGINT/COMINT collection. In this article, the author will discuss the operational aspects of setting up a Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Center. The purpose of a SIGINT Center is to collect and analyze SIGINT information, working with other intelligence disciplines (HUMINT, OSINT, IMGINT, etc.) to produce an intelligence product that is up­channeled to an organization’s leadership. Towards this end, there are several job functions that need to be filled for successful operation. Consider each job function to be an element in your

SIGINT Center. They are:

Operational

• SIGINT Acquisition

• COMINT Collection

• ELINT Collection

• SIGINT Analysis

• S­2 Liaison

Support

• Logistics & Security

• Maintenance & Repair

The SIGINT Acquisition Element uses technical means such as spectrum and band searches, and via point searches based on information from other disciplines (OSINT, HUMINT, IMGINT) to find monitoring targets to pass along to the Collection Elements.

The COMINT Collection Element collects intelligence information via point searches on communications emitters based on data acquired from the SIGINT Acquisition Element. They pass that information to the

SIGINT Analysis Element.

The ELINT Collection Element collects intelligence information on non­communciations emitter data such as aircraft ADS­B “squawks”. They pass that information to the SIGINT Analysis Element.

The SIGINT Analysis Element takes the intelligence information provided by the Acquisition and Collection Elements and converts it to an intelligence product based on the organization’s intelligence requirements.

The S­2 Liaison Element works with other intelligence centers, handles OSINT, HUMINT, IMGINT, etc. information that is of interest to the SIGINT Center, and acts as the SIGINT Center’s representative when working with the organization’s S­2. The S­2 Liaison Element also works extensively with the SIGINT Analysis

Element in providing the intelligence product to S­2.

The Logistics & Security Element is primarily responsible for supplying the SIGINT Center with all the items they need to maintain operations. This includes food, consumable items (toilet articles, writing implements and paper, et al), and laundry service. They are also responsible for the safety and security of the SIGINT Center. This includes physical security, operational security, counterintelligence operations, force protection, and medical support.

The Maintenance & Repair Element is responsible for keeping everything working in good order. This includes not only the radios, but also any computing equipment, network infrastructure, power generation & lighting, and shelters.

Once a SIGINT Center is properly staffed and equipped, they can being the process of providing the intelligence product. The process goes like this:

1) The S­2 Liaison receives its tasking, requirements, and any relevant intelligence acquired via other disciplines from the organization’s leadership via S­2

2) The S­2 Liaison works with the SIGINT Acquisition Element to use technical and non­technical means to perform their mission.

3) The SIGINT Acquisition Element passes information they acquire to the Collection and Analysis Elements for further action.

4) The Collection Elements use technical means and information received from the SIGINT Acquisition

Element to perform their mission. They pass information they acquire to the SIGINT Analysis Element for further action.

5) The SIGINT Analysis Element takes the information they receive from the other elements, and processes it via technical and other analytical means into an intelligence product based on the requirements received via the organization’s S­2. That product is then passed to the S­2 Liaison.

6) The S­2 Liaison then passes the product to the organization’s S­2, receives feedback, and brings updated requirements back to the SIGINT Center. The process repeats.

7) During the entire process, the support elements ensure the logistics, security, and maintenance requirements of the SIGINT Center are met, working with the relevant staff (S) functions of the organization to accomplish their mission.

A SIGINT Center will require no less than four people for each workstation in the operational elements.  This provides an equipment operator and logging assistant/messenger for two 12­hour shifts over a 24­hour period. Support elements will be by necessity much larger, due to the greater variety of functions required by them. Adequate personnel should be available to provide for two 12­hour shifts over a 24­hour period for each job function, with adequate back­up coverage available in the event of sickness or other incapacitation. It should also be noted that the SIGINT Center is subordinate to the organization’s S­2, so a competent S­2 staff (and by association a competent organization) is also required for the SIGINT Center to produce a quality product.

Lone wolves can also make effective use of this process on a smaller individual scale provided they are able to mentally separate different functions at the appropriate times while keeping an eye on the big picture.

Confessions Of a Broke Lab Lizard (Part 2)

By Anonymous

You don’t know me. I’m a politically conservative “small l” libertarian who’s not a member of any militia group. Every “militia group” I’ve come across was full of, and run by, a bunch of whiny assclowns. I own three guns, and neither of them are black or in a military caliber. But I’m not here to talk about guns, militias, or whiny assclowns. I’m here to talk about what I’ve been doing lately. I like to tinker with electronics. I’ve started doing it in high school, but have been out of it until very recently. This has been hampered by a lack of hobby cash since the economy around here has gone to shit, but I manage. Since my last article, I cleaned up an even bigger corner of the attic, and replaced that light socket adapter and extension cord with some Romex going to an outlet at my bench. I do a lot of “New World Order”­type radio research up there. I keep finding interesting things on the airwaves that leave me with a lot of questions to answer. Like that dude from Blade Runner, I’ve seen and heard things you wouldn’t believe.

I went to a tag sale a couple weeks ago, and found a few things for my lab cheap. A “Bearcat 250” police scanner and Heathkit tube tester for five bucks each, and an old Readers Digest Atlas for 25 cents. I found some VHF frequencies using my tunable receivers, and now have something that’ll let me listen to more than one at a  time. The tube tester I picked up because tube ­type radio gear is better protected against stuff like lightning and EMP, and the tester will help me keep any tube radios I get running. The atlas is nice to see just where and how far out I’m listening on the shortwave and lower VHF bands.

All you fellow broke lab lizards should be hitting up your local tag sales, flea markets, auctions, antique stores, and pawn shops. You’ll find a lot of good stuff at those places that you can use. At auctions, tag sales and flea markets you should be looking in all the cardboard boxes that have electronics in them. That’s where you’ll find stuff. Hamfests are also good, but you might not find many that are within reasonable driving distance.

You should also go through the science, technical, and DIY sections of your local bookstores, especially the ones that sell used books. I’ve found some nice titles for les than what you would have paid on Amazon.

Don’t worry about what you can’t hear. Work on the signals you can pick up with the gear you have on hand. I was corresponding with a friend and fellow broke lab lizard who is finishing up his prison term for something that shouldn’t even be a crime in my opinion. All he has access to is this Sony AM/FM Walkman­type radio that he can buy at the commissary. By tweaking the tuning coils this way and that he is able to listen above the AM broadcast band to pick up shortwave communications at night, and listen above the FM broadcast band to pick up VHF aircraft communications. Plans for doing this have been circulating the underground for decades. I have a photocopy that someone gave me from the 1990s that was printed in underground zines like “Full Disclosure” (Issue #30) and “Cybertek” (Issue #9). If some guy locked up in prison can do this, then you should be able to do the same or better. Stuff like this is important because you can pick up old Walkman­type AM/FM radios for a couple Bucks apiece, mod them, and hand them out to people who want to stay informed.

There is this old (1979) book you might be able to find called Communications Monitoring, by Robert B. Grove (ISBN 0­8104­0894­0). He is the dude who founded the old “Monitoring Times” magazine. I got mine at a recent hamfest in a box of old radio books and magazines. It has a lot of good info in it, including directions on how to mod out an AM/FM transistor radio to cover the VHF aircraft band, and how to mod tunable weather-
band radios to receive radio signals down in the 150 MHz. range.

While I’m writing this, a line of thunderstorms just passed to the South of my QTH. Some AM band country music station from God knows where is playing Glen Campbell’s song “Wichita Lineman,” and I found a few electric company frequencies that are busy with crews cleaning up the mess. Interesting listening. The freq ranges I’m scanning are 37.46­37.86 MHz. & 47.68­48.54 MHz. Give them a listen when the electric companies within a hundred miles of you have a reason to be out working. Sometimes the weather conditions will let you hear signals out even farther than that. The old Bearcat 250 is perfect for this job, and fifty channels is more than enough for now.

I’ve also been spending a lot of time listening to 25­33 MHz. I’m sure you know that the regular CB band in the US is 26.965­27.405 MHz., and the 10 Meter Ham Band is 28­29.7 MHz., but there are all these radios out there that people can buy that go from 25 to 30 MHz. or higher. Some of the brand names are “Galaxy”, “Magnum”, and “Stryker.” I have also seen old army surplus radios that can tune 20­76 MHz. All this gear with similar frequency ranges means there will be people and small groups simply picking a frequency and using it for a little while before switching to another. The frequency ranges 25­27 & 27.4­28 MHz. (above and below the US CB band) see a lot of use among these hobbyists known as “freebanders,” although I’ve heard some tactical­ type communications that didn’t sound like radio hobbyists rag ­chewing.

A little birdie told me that I should be paying more attention to 54­88 MHz, especially 54­76 MHz. TV stations originally on channels 2­6 went to higher frequency ranges when they went digital. Now these frequency ranges are not being used. So far I haven’t seen any analog pirate TV stations on the lower channels, but there are still all these TV modulator boxes and old VCRs out there that operate on Channels 2 & 3, or 3 & 4.

Even Wal­Mart still sells them. Military surplus PRC­25, PRC­77, and RT­524 radios will go up to 76 MHz, and there are plenty of them still around. Some of my cheap multiband portable radios were made to tune in the audio from the old analog TV channels. No good for TV reception anymore, but they’ll still pick up audio in those frequency ranges. There are also a lot of small FM audio “Mr. Microphone” type transmitters that work from around 87 MHz. into the low end of the FM broadcast band. All the good FM stations (in my opinion) are below 92 MHz, and the interesting stuff is a bonus.

So as you see, even though you might not running the latest, greatest gear, you can still find cheap stuff that will let you do a lot of “research,” and that’s what’s important.

Editorial

• None of them get along on the Internet. How do you think that’s going to scale up to a national organization? (Answer: poorly)

• is not on the way.

• If you need help, look in the mirror, then look across the street. If the view across the street is not to your liking, then you need to either move, or make the view move. The experiences of many show that the former is easier than the latter. You will always find a welcome home in one of the American Redoubts, or at least it will suck less there.

• Information you collect yourself via technical means, and have a competent analyst produce intelligence from, is far more reliable than often exaggerated and often false “news” stories labeled as “intelligence reports” released by Internet pundits.

• While national is nice, regional and local are better because they are of more immediate relevance.

• You should be worrying more about your own backyard than the one on the other side of the country.

• Listening is >2X more important than transmitting.

• God gave you two ears, two eyes, and only one mouth for a reason.

• Sell that extra firearm if that’s what it takes to get a good police scanner and shortwave receiver. Used equipment sources are your friend.

• Go buy a decent CB; and a K40, Wilson 1000, or Firestick antenna. Install it in your vehicle. You will not regret doing so.

• It doesn’t matter who gets elected.

http://sparks­31.blogspot.com/

Recent events such as “Net Neutrality” and the use of Cyberwar bots as reported by WRSA had me thinking about “LO­TEK” solutions. Like CA said, “Got Samizdat?”

Yea, I got it. And you can get it too.

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Signal­3 is published by TAC Enterprises LLC, PO Box 1351, Riverton, WY 82501. Subscriptions are $30/6 issues. Copyright © 2016 TAC Enterprises, LLC. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted to reprint all articles (with attribution) and distribute this sample issue to potentially interested friends or family members via any means, digital or analog. If you have received this issue from a friend or family member, and liked what you saw, please consider subscribing. Thank you for your support!